What is ADHD?

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 What is ADHD?


What is ADHD

ADHD is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders in children. It is usually diagnosed in children and can last into adulthood. Kids with ADHD may have trouble paying attention, controlling impulsive behaviours (acting without thinking about consequences), or being overly active.


Signs and symptoms

It is common for children to have difficulty concentrating and behaving at some point in their lives. On the other hand, kids with ADHD don't just outgrow these behaviours. Symptoms persist and can become severe, causing problems at school, at home, and with friends.

A child with ADHD may have

  • dreamed a lot
  • Forget or lose a lot.
  • Whispering or fidgeting.
  • Talk too much.
  • Make careless mistakes or take unnecessary risks.
  • Having difficulty resisting temptation.
  • Difficulty taking turns.
  • Difficulty getting along with others.



Determining if a child has ADHD is a multi-step process. There is no single test to diagnose ADHD, and many other problems, such as anxiety, depression, sleep problems, and some forms of learning disabilities, can share symptoms. A medical evaluation, which includes hearing and vision tests, is one step in the process of ruling out other illnesses with symptoms similar to ADHD. A checklist for classifying ADHD symptoms and obtaining the child's history from parents, teachers, and in some cases the child is used to diagnose ADHD.



In most cases, the most effective treatment for ADHD is a combination of behavioural therapy and medication. Before medication is considered, behavioural therapy, especially parent training, is recommended as the first line of treatment for preschool-age children (ages 4 to 5 years) with ADHD. What works best for the child and family may be different. Good treatment regimens include close monitoring, follow-up, and making changes as needed.


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